CBD vs. THC: What’s the Difference?

Consumers are becoming more interested in their choices as the legal use of hemp and other cannabis goods grows. Two natural chemicals found in plants of the Cannabis genus, cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), are two examples. Buy best CBD and THC products with weed delivery Canada.

Cannabidiol (CBD) can be produced from hemp or cannabis plants.

Cannabis sativa is the source of hemp and marijuana. Cannabis plants, whether illegal or legal, must have 0.3 percent THC or less. CBD products include gels, gummies, oils, supplements, extracts, and other items.

The most active component in cannabis, THC, is responsible for the euphoric high. It may be smoked as a drug. It’s also available in oil forms, edibles, tinctures, capsulses, and more.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) both impact your body’s endocannabinoid system, although their effects are entirely different.

Read on to learn more about these chemicals. While they share a lot in common, they have some important distinctions that determine how they’re used.

CBD vs. THC: Chemical structure

The chemical structure of CBD and THC is the same: 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. The minor differences in how the atoms are arranged account for the varied impact on your body.

CBD and THC are chemically similar to your body’s endocannabinoids. They have the ability to interact with your cannabinoid receptors as a result of this resemblance.

In lab rats, interaction with the environment causes changes in neurotransmitter release. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that help cells communicate and have functions in pain, immune function, stress, and sleep.

CBD vs. THC: Psychoactive components

Despite their similar chemical structures, CBD and THC don’t produce the same type of psychotropic effects. CBD is psychoactive, but it isn’t in the same way as THC. It doesn’t create the euphoric sensation associated with THC. CBD has been found to help with anxiety, sadness, and epileptic seizures.

Cannabidiol (CBD) binds to the cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors in the brain, resulting in a euphoric feeling.

CBD has a very low affinity for CB1 receptors. CBD must attach to CB1 receptors in order to work and, as a result, can help reduce some of the undesirable psychoactive effects of THC, such as euphoria or drowsiness.

CBD vs. THC: Legality

Cannabis-related laws in the United States are changing constantly. CBD is still a Schedule I drug under federal law, technically speaking.

CBD is still considered a Schedule I substance by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA), despite the fact that hemp has been removed from the Controlled Substances Act.

However, 33 states and the District of Columbia have enacted cannabis-related legislation, providing for high-THC medical cannabis. A prescription from a licensed physician may be required.

Several states have decriminalized recreational marijuana usage, and THC has been legalized in many places. In areas where cannabis is permitted for recreational or medical purposes, you should be able to get CBD.

It’s critical to research your state’s CBD or THC laws before attempting to buy anything with it. If you have cannabis-based products in a state where they’re prohibited or don’t require a medical prescription, you could be fined if you possess them in states where the items are legal for medical treatment.

CBD vs. THC: Medical benefits

Many of the same medical advantages are offered by CBD and THC. They can help with a variety of ailments. CBD, on the other hand, does not produce the euphoric high that comes from THC. Because to its absence, some people may wish to use CBD instead.

In June 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Epidiolex, a prescription drug containing CBD for the treatment of rare and difficult-to-control forms of epilepsy. It’s designed to help people who suffer from Dravet syndrome or Lennox-Gastaut syndrome better manage their symptoms. (Epidiolex is not yet FDA-approved for use in these conditions.)

CBD is used to help with other various conditions, such as:

  • seizures
  • inflammation
  • pain
  • psychosis or mental disorders
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • nausea
  • migraine
  • depression
  • anxiety

THC is used to help with the following:

  • pain
  • muscle spasticity
  • glaucoma
  • insomnia
  • low appetite
  • nausea
  • anxiety

CBD vs. THC: Side effects

Even in high dosages, CBD is well tolerated. According to research, any CBD side effects that occur are likely due to drug interactions between CBD and other drugs you may be taking.

THC causes temporary side effects, such as:

  • increased heart rate
  • coordination problems
  • dry mouth
  • red eyes
  • slower reaction times
  • memory loss
  • anxiety

CBD’s side effects may include:

  • appetite changes
  • fatigue
  • weight loss
  • dizziness
  • diarrhea

The side effects listed here are due to the psychotropic qualities of the chemical. Both compounds aren’t deadly.

However, frequent THC usage may have long-term negative mental health consequences. This is especially the case for adolescents who use a lot of THC, although there’s no definitive proof that using cannabis causes psychiatric problems like schizophrenia.

CBD vs. THC: Drug testing

Cannabis contains several cannabinoids, including THC and CBD. They are stored in fat cells in the body. After you utilize cannabis, it can show up on drug tests for a few days to weeks.

Despite popular belief, CBD is not detectable in all drug tests. CBN-sensitive tests exist, although not all drug tests are able to detect CBD. Most standard drug screenings look for chemicals associated with THC, so cannabis or marijuana usage may show up on a test.

Hemp can also generate THC in addition to CBD, so even if you haven’t used it, a test might be positive for THC.

It’s crucial to note that products that claim to be THC-free may not be completely THC-free, so if you’re drug tested, you should avoid using CBD or THC products.

Why do people talk about THC content in CBD oil if THC and CBD are two different compounds?

Hemp, on the other hand, contains significantly lower amounts of THC and CBD. Cannabinoids present in cannabis and hemp include CBD and THC.

However, cannabis has a higher concentration of THC. Hemp has a higher concentration of CBD.

The THC level in today’s average cannabis strain is about 12%. Because CBD oil is made from hemp plants with low levels of THC, it may include a trace amount. At the federal level, CBD can only contain 0.3 percent THC if it’s certified.

Takeaway

Both CBD and THC have therapeutic effects. They’re also both regarded as safe, but be aware of possible side effects and interactions with other medicines you’re taking. Before using either, speak with your doctor or a licensed cannabis or CBD practitioner to see whether it’s appropriate for you.

Hemp-derived CBD products (those with less than 0.3 percent THC) are lawful under federal law, but are prohibited in some states. Marijuana-derived CBD products are unlawful throughout the United States, however certain jurisdictions allow them. Check your state’s laws as well as those of any destination you plan to visit. Keep in mind that nonprescription CBD treatments aren’t approved by the FDA and may be mislabeled.

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